Polycystic ovary syndrome causes irregular menstrual cycles, excessive body or facial hair and polycystic ovaries as its main symptoms. Polycystic means “many cysts,” and PCOS often causes clusters of small, pearl-sized cysts in the ovaries. The cysts are fluid-filled and contain immature eggs. Women with PCOS produce slightly higher amounts of male hormones known as androgens, which contribute to some of the symptoms of the condition. The cause of PCOS is not known. Some women with PCOS are less sensitive to insulin than other women, a condition known as insulin resistance. Insulin resistance can causes the ovaries to produce too many male hormones. The resulting hormonal imbalance can cause the symptoms of PCOS. The condition appears to run in families, and sisters of those with it are twice as likely to have it. Currently, PCOS has no cure, but a variety of PCOS treatments can help alleviate the symptoms of this disease, including infertility.

PCOS Symptoms

PCOS is a syndrome disease defined by a collection of signs and symptoms. The symptoms of PCOS that one patient experiences can be very different from the symptoms of another patient. If you have two or more of the following symptoms, you need to have a thorough checkup to determine if you need PCOS treatment:

  • Irregular or missing menstrual periods
  • Infertility
  • Excess or unwanted body or facial hair growth
  • Thinning hair on the scalp
  • Weight problems, often including weight gain around the waist
  • Skin problems, including skin tags, darkening skin and acne
Complications of PCOS

The common PCOS symptoms are difficult enough for most women, but some will experience further complications, including:

  • Diabetes, elevated insulin levels or insulin resistance
  • Heart and blood vessel problems
  • Uterine cancer
  • Sleep apnea

Each of these problems can be life threatening, which is why treatment for PCOS is so important.

PCOS Treatments

Polycystic ovary syndrome treatment starts with a proper diagnosis. Treatments are then chosen based on a woman’s symptoms, age and future pregnancy plans. Treatment for PCOS may include:

  • Birth control pills to regulate menstruation
  • Insulin-sensitizing medications
  • Ovulation induction to treat infertility
  • Androgen-blocking medications
  • Topical anti-hair-growth medications
  • Other excess hair treatments
  • Treatments for hair loss
  • Acne treatments
  • Removal of other skin problems
Lifestyle and Prevention

One of the best treatments for PCOS is a healthy lifestyle. A healthy diet low in refined carbohydrates is important, as this can help regulate blood sugar levels. Exercise can also help the body regulate insulin and keep excess weight off. Losing weight is challenging with PCOS, but doing so can help reduce the male hormone levels in the body, and some women will begin to ovulate naturally. With a proper diagnosis, lifestyle changes and PCOS treatment, women can get relief from this condition and the overwhelming health problems it can cause. .”

By Editors: Cristina Meriggiola, MD, PhD University of Bologna Musa Zamah, MD, PhD University of California, San Francisco

Seven Keys To Successful Hair Removal

“When it comes to permanent hair removal, getting each step just right is an art form! To achieve quick and permanent results, it is not enough to simply perform the treatments; one must be able to effectively combine all the necessary steps. Here are seven key factors to guarantee successful hair removal treatments to our clients.

1. Match the Right Treatment Option to Each Client

Initial consultation is required before any hair removal treatments can begin. During the first meeting, we obtain information about a client’s medical history, observe the condition of the skin, as well as the density and type of hair to be removed. Based on our observations, we will clearly explain the treatment options and anticipated results that will ensure client satisfaction.

2. Perform Treatments During the Right Phase of Hair Growth.

To achieve permanent hair removal, treatments must be performed during the anagen phase (growing stage) in order to fully destroy the hair. In fact, it is during this phase that the follicles contain the most cells responsible for hair growth, and hair has the most pigmentation. It is very important to plan treatments so as to allow for a maximum number of hairs to be synchronized into the growing stage.

3. Use the Best Equipment Available

The type of equipment your electrologist uses greatly impacts the treatment outcome. The higher the power level of the device, the faster you will achieve permanent results. It is clear that any electrolysis device, even decades old, can lead to permanent hair removal. However, achieving it will be longer and less comfortable for the client. Several options and resources can also improve the results. We use insulated probes that allow for more effective and targeted destruction of the growth cells, leading to quicker permanent results. WE offer all of our clients effective solutions and increased comfort level!

4. Choose the Most Suitable Treatment Parameters.

Every electrolysis expert must determine the most suitable treatment parameters to ensure the best results. Several factors influence the selection process: the individual hair type, the depth of the hair follicle, the particular area being treated, the growth phase and density, intensity level, et cetera. Usually, the greater the professional expertise, the better the evaluation.

5. Adopt Effective Work Methods

During electrolysis treatment a probe is inserted into each follicle. This technique of hair removal requires a high level of precision. The electrologist delicately inserts a probe the size of a hair into the follicle until it reaches the base. This is where the electric current must be emitted for the full and successful destruction of the growth cells to occur. A common myth about electrolysis is that treatments are painful. This is simply not true! Electrolysis treatments are quite comfortable, especially when the technique is correctly performed. A client should never feel anything when the probe is inserted or when the hair is extracted. The client should only feel a slight current lasting a few milliseconds.

6. Your Skin Needs Pampering

Did you know that well hydrated skin can tolerate heat more easily? We perform treatments using a safe but higher degree of heat so more growth cells will be effectively destroyed and the desired results will be achieved more quickly. You should use an exfoliant and moisturizer to treat your skin. Thoroughly moisturizing your skin the next day and on will promote healing and regeneration. All clients must apply protection against UV rays before and after the treatment. This will minimize the risk of hyperpigmentation.

7. Discipline is a Must

In order to achieve permanent results, treatments should be performed during anagen (growing) stage. It is absolutely essential for clients rigorously attend appointments which have been set according to the hair growth phase. If a client pushes back their appointments, they will not see success of the treatments in the shortest amount of time. In conclusion, there are several factors that influence the success of permanent hair removal. Proper training of the electrologist, the right device, well-informed and cooperative clients, and the exercise of sound professional judgment on the part of the electrologist all contribute to safe, comfortable, rapid, and above-all, effective treatments.”

Dermascope magazine, by Karine Beaumont

Does Electrolysis Treatment Hurt?

Electrolysis is a comfortable treatment but it is important to keep in mind that pain is a very subjective thing. The goal of electrolysis is to kill a hair follicle so there has to be enough current flowing into your hair follicle to destroy the cells responsible for hair growth. It is impossible to destroy hair growth tissue without at least some sensation because each hair follicle is surrounded by its own network of nerve endings. The sensation you might experience depends on many reasons including where one is having treatment and what method is used. Some parts of the body are more sensitive than others. The upper lip is a little more sensitive because the skin is thin, especially right beneath the nose. In many cases electrolysis on the upper lip stimulates sneezing. Also, as the skin is more sensitive around one’s menstrual cycle, very often we advise our clients to avoid treatment during that time. Our clients have described the sensation as a sting, a mosquito bite, a pinch or gradually building warmth.  Many adjustments can be made which help make the treatment more comfortable. We have a lot of young girls (as early as age 9) that we work on and in those cases we sometimes recommend a numbing cream. In all other cases our clients DO NOT require any type of numbing creams. We utilize the latest Apilus computerized state-of-the-art electrolysis equipment for the most comfortable and effective permanent hair removal procedure available.

*** A note to clients who had electrolysis treatments at other places: You should not feel the insertion of the probe. One of reasons that your previous treatments may have hurt a lot could be that the insertions of the probe into the hair follicle were wrong.